T19 105mm HMC / T30 75mm
This blister contains all the parts required to build either a T19 105mm HMC as part of a Armoured Field Artillery Battery or a T30 75mm tank destroyer.
The T19 Howitzer Motor Carriage was introduced in January 1942 and soon saw service in November taking part in Operation Torch against French forces in Algeria.
The M2A1 105mm howitzer was mounted on an M3 Halftrack. The halftrack had to be strengthened to prevent sagging though. The howitzer was mounted directly behind the driver’s compartment. Fuel tanks were moved to the rear of the vehicle to accommodate the bulk of the weapon, the 105mm being the largest weapon to be mounted on the M3 halftrack chassis.
The T19 was the least produced of all the M3 halftrack variants, only 324 were ever made.
It was used in combat by the 1st Armored Division’s Armored Field Artillery Regiments, though other artillery units were issued and trained with the T19, they received the M7 Priest before seeing combat.
It was also used in limited numbers as an assault gun in some infantry Divisions.
The T19 proved cramped for the crew, and any sizeable stock of ammunition just added to the tight working conditions.
Though a limited design the T19 did allow the US to get a serviceable self-propelled 105mm howitzer into action ready for Operation Torch and in the hands of the 27th Armored Field Artillery it proved an effective weapon.