US Mortar Platoon (Late War)
In Flames Of War
US Mörser sind billig! Du bekommst 6 Rohre mit Rauch- und Hochexplosivgeschoße. Du braucht keiner spezialisierte Beobachter weil du die Under Command Sonderregel hast. Du kannst mit jeder Kommandoteam in deiner Streitkraft die Mörser einrichten.
The US Mortar platoon is a great choice to take with you American Rifle or Armored Rifle company. It will provide your GIs with instant support with both HE and smoke bombardments. The 81mm M1 Mortar was based on the French Brandt design developed during WWI. The US government purchased the manufacturing rights to the mortar in the late 1930s and began production. The small mortar could be broken down into its three basic components for transport: the tube, the mount and the baseplate. The 81mm mortar’s range varied depending on the type of shell used, up to a maximum of 3,290 yards.
81mm M1 Mortar
Weight (Complete): 136 lbs.
Length: 3 ft., 9.5 in.
Muzzle Velocity (HE): 700 fps
Max Range (HE): 3,290 yards.
Rate of Fire (Normal): 18 rounds./min.
Ammunition: HE, Chemical and Gas, Illumination
Dates of Production: 1940 - 1945
Each round was fin stabilized in flight causing it to strike fuse-end first. Removable increments between the fin blades were used to adjust the range the projectile was thrown.
To fire the projectile it is dropped down the barrel, fin end first, the primer strikes the fixed firing pin which detonates the primer and ignition cartridge (inserted in the base of the round), which in turn ignites the propellent increments, forcing the round out of the barrel, carrying the primer and cartridge with it and readying the mortar for the next round.
Comparing weight and size of the weapon to the destruction they delivered to the target, mortars are very efficient. As ’the infantry’s artillery’, they provided small infantry units artillery-like fire support when artillery either was not available, or could not be moved forward fast enough.