Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman I (6 November 1494 – 7 September 1566), "Kanuni" (the Lawgiver) or more commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent in the West, was the tenth and longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520 to 1566).
Upon the death of his father, Selim I, Suleiman ascended the throne in Constantinople and would go on to preside over the apex of the Ottoman Empire's economic, military and political power.
Suleiman, influenced by his passion for Alexander the Great, personally led Ottoman armies in conquering the Christian strongholds of Belgrade and Rhodes as well as most of Hungary before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna in 1529. He annexed much of the Middle East in his conflict with the Safavids (Persia) and large areas of North Africa as far west as Algeria. Under his rule, the Ottoman fleet dominated the seas from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea and through the Persian Gulf.
The fall of Christendom's major strongholds spread fear across Europe. It is said that the capture of Belgrade was the catalyst for the dramatic events which engulfed Hungary. It led to the death of King Louis, the capture of Buda, the occupation of Transylvania, the ruin of a flourishing kingdom and the fear of neighbouring nations that they would suffer the same fate...
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